CompStat
CompStat is a term that became widely known to law enforcement in 1994 by its association with then New York City Police Commissioner William Bratton. CompStat is an acronym that stands for “computer-statistics meetings”; others argue that it stands for “computer comparison statistics”. This argument aside the premise remains the same; CompStat reduces crime when implemented by law enforcement agencies within the United States. It uses computer statistics, timely input of data, a geographical basis of tracking “hot spots” and placing resources in the proper place at the proper time. CompStat was the 1996 “Innovations in American Government” award winner, sponsored by the Ford Foundation and Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. Professor William Walsh referred to CompStat as an “emerging police managerial paradigm”, and Professors George Kelling and William Sousa have described it as “perhaps the single most important organizational/administrative innovation during the latter half of the twentieth century”.